PUBLIC HOUSES


 
It started with a table mat in The Woodman. For those of you who may occasionally enjoy a lunch in The Woodman along the village High Street, you may have noticed that the placemats depicts photographs of the village of early 20th century or even late 19th century. Many of the pictures are easily recognisable such as the original village school, the post office in Church Road, and the church without its cap.

Included in the range of pictures are those of the local public houses, notably The George and Dragon, which was later replaced on the same site by The George before in the current century becoming a new development of houses and apartments.


There are of course pictures of the Woodman, both its original weather boarded building pre-dating the ‘Arts and Craft’ style structure that we know today, and the New Inn, now renamed the Change of Horses.


But then there is the fourth public house of the village: The Coach and Horses was further along the road from The Woodman in the direction towards the original village school, and on the other side of the road.  The site is now housing, see photos below.

The picture of the pub is not very complimentary, it is a detached house that had seen better days, with fencing following on from it. This would suggest that the picture was early 1900s, as census forms indicate that there had been houses following on from it during the late 19th century.


Like the Woodman during the 19th century, it was also a beer house. That is, it sold only beer and cider, and definitely neither wines nor spirits, which of course patrons of the New Inn and the visitors to the George and Dragon hotel may have expected after their coach ride from or en route to London.

All four pubs were busy during the 19th century, and often with the same landlord at the helm for twenty or more years. For example The George and Dragon had William Shuttleworth and James Martin as Landlords from 1841 to 1871. The New Inn had James Weatherley as the landlord from 1871 to 1891 after Robert Sessions had been the landlord for nearly thirty years. The Woodman had John Goodchild as landlord from 1871 to 1901 before his son-in-law, Harry Birchell took over responsibility in 1911. As for the Coach and Horses, Henry Penfold took over the running of the Beer House by 1871 and remained as the landlord until his death in 1906.

By the early 20th century there were movements against the availability of alcohol and in particular the numerous pubs, hotels and beer houses, in London. In response to an article in the Daily News (a London newspaper) in 1904 on this subject a local Farnborough man drew to the readers’ attention that the civil parish of Farnborough,(then comprised of Farnborough village, Green Street Green and Locksbottom) could boast of 9 pubs serving a population of 1261 in 275 houses, or a pub for every 140 people, including women and children.

With Henry Penfold’s death at the age of 60 and his wife’s death the following year, it would appear that an opportunity had arisen to address this issue. By the census of 1911 the six Nile Cottages beside the pub would still be in existence, but now followed by the development of 8 new cottages and Orchard Road just beyond them. The Coach and Horses was no more.

Two further images of 'The George and Dragon' 1914, click to enlarge

It would be nearly another 80 years before another pub disappeared within the old civil parish.. However, the original complaint that we had too many pubs for the local population has been addressed by the increase in houses and consequently the population. Just in case anyone was worried that public houses are disappearing!

Bob Donovan

VILLAGE HISTORY

 

Three Names in One Day

On Saturday 1st September 1973, the New Inn, in Farnborough Village became in turn the Golden Nugget Saloon and then the Change of Horses by which name it is known today.  

The then innkeeper, Sid Batt, was granted a special licence, and the Inn was renamed the Golden Nugget Saloon from 10.30 a.m. to 5 p.m. to coincide with the annual Farnborough Fair which on this day adopted a "Wild West" theme. At 5.30 p.m. the name altered again to the Change of Horses - thus it became the only Inn with 3 names in one day.

See Poster

 

Coach and Horses:

Farnborough Petty Sessions

Allen Staples, of the "Coach and Horses," Farnborough, was charged, on the information of Police-constable Watson, with having his house open for the sale of beer after hours, to wit, at ten minutes after 11 upon the night of the 5th ult. He was also charged upon a separate information with allowing persons to be in the grounds attached to his house between four and five on Sunday afternoon, the 8th ult., some of whom were drunk. In respect of the first charge the evidence was not sufficient to convict, but in the second the magistrates were of opinion that it was a very gross case and inflicted a penalty of £5 and 14s. 6d. costs, which was paid.

 Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser 30 September 1867.

Bromley Petty Sessions

Allen Staples, of the "Coach and Horses," Farnborough, pleaded guilty to an information laid by Mr. Churcher, inspector of weights and measures, charging him with having a quart pot in use one gill short measure. Fined 5s. and 9s. costs.  

Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser, 03 September 1870.

Annual licencing day

The licence of Allan Staples, beer-shop keeper, of Farnborough, was refused on account of the applicant having been convicted for allowing disorderly conduct at his house.

See also Village Characters

 

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